Peru's capital, Lima, is located on the coast, about 8 miles (13 kilometers) from the Pacific Ocean.Lima is home to almost a third of Peru's total population, with a total of two-thirds of the country's population living in the coastal region. The western coast contains dry, desertlike regions to the north as well as to the south, with more agriculturally productive lands along the major valleys formed by the western-draining Andean rivers.
Peruvians don’t have the reputation for beautiful that you will find in other South American countries such as Brazil or Argentina.
To this day, one of the most powerful groups to challenge Peruvian national identity is that of the contemporary Indian population, which at different times in history has seen itself as the rightful heirs of the Inca empire and has resisted European influence on its culture.
The name Peru was pervasive during the colonial period and was used to denominate the larger sections of the powerful viceroyalty of Lima.
The northern and central part of the South American continent was described as such in all the early chronicles and ethnohistoric accounts.
Although the name Peru was used by foreigners to describe the indigenous Inca population, they called themselves the Tahuantinsuyu (meaning "the four-quarters" in Quechua).
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